Aquarium fish catfish
Catfish belong to the genus of fish of the family of Armored catfishes. Mainly representatives of the genus catfish are small – from 3 to 8 cm in length. Their body is covered with Horny scales. On the dorsal and pectoral fins they are sharp thorns. You need to be extremely careful when you have to take catfish in his hands, because the thorns can hurt. And the wound can easily get various infections.
Representatives of this kind of a great multitude. These include: aquarium fish suckers catfish, aquarium fish, the speckled catfish, aquarium fish catfish-shifters, aquarium fish catfish ancistrus and others.
Aquarium fish catfish sexual dimorphism are practically the same. Most often the females are slightly bigger than males. They’re easy enough to distinguish, when viewed from above – male looks slimmer, and the females abdomen is somewhat fuller and more convex. Dorsal fin the males have a pointed shape.
For keeping multiple specimens from the squad catfishes requires an aquarium of at least 50 liters. The water level should be no more than 25 centimeters. The soil should choose soft, without any sharp particles, dark color. Also these fish need shelter, such as shards, driftwood, pieces of the shell from the coconut.
In the natural environment they live in soft water. Its temperature is about 22-26 degrees above zero, but can tolerate as a slight decrease and increase of temperature.The catfish need each week to replace at least 30% of the total volume of water. It should be noted that they do not suffer when water is present in table salt or copper. This means that it is in the water, add salt or simple medicinal preparations for fish for the purpose of treatment.
Almost all catfishes are benthic forms, meaning they practically spend all their life on the bottom of the pond or aquarium. These fish love to hide, so in order to stay comfortable you need to make shelter for them. Catfish prefer overgrown aquariums, but they need a “clearing” on which they can swarm in the sand.
The catfish is typical of Gill and intestinal breathing. Therefore it is necessary to ensure that the aquarium had free access to the water surface so that fish could in case of need to swallowing air.
Representatives of catfishes are peaceful and stately fish that are not capable of hurting even smaller neighbors. It is better to be in small groups so they feel more confident.
Catfish in food picky: eat, live, dry and frozen foods. The main condition – the food should be at the bottom, as almost all types feed only from the bottom. They can eat koretra, bloodworms, Tubifex, Daphnia, Cyclops, or moin “revoredo”. This feed also can have a stimulating effect on the fish spawning. Very useful is such algae as spirulina. It is rich in vitamins and can enhance coloration. Can still be used for feeding the combined feed.